The Canadian Rangers
The Canadian Rangers are part-time reservists who provide a military presence in remote, isolated and coastal communities of Canada. Formally established in 1947, Canadian Rangers are responsible for protecting Canada’s sovereignty by reporting unusual activities or sightings, collecting local data of significance to the Canadian Forces, and conducting surveillance or sovereignty patrols as required.
Canadian Rangers are dedicated, knowledgeable members of the Canadian Forces who play an important role in advancing public recognition of Canada’s First Nations and Inuit groups. Canadian Rangers are easily recognized by their red sweatshirts and ball caps, and their frequent selfless contributions to their communities.
There are currently over 4400 Canadian Rangers in 163 communities across Canada. This number is expected to increase to 5,000 by March 2012.
Mandate – Canadian Rangers
Canadian Rangers provide a military presence in those sparsely settled northern, coastal and isolated areas of Canada that cannot conveniently or economically be provided for by other components of the Canadian Forces.
Tasks – Canadian Rangers
The tasks assigned to the Rangers include providing a military presence in support of sovereignty including:
- Reporting unusual activities;
- Collecting local data of significance in support of military operations;
- Conducting surveillance/sovereignty patrols as tasked.
Rangers also assist Canadian Forces activities by:
- Providing local expertise, guidance and advice;
- Conducting Northern Warning System patrols as tasked;
- Providing local assistance to Search and Rescue activities.
Some significant examples of Ranger activities include reporting unidentified vessels within Canadian waters off the northeast coast of Quebec in the Bay of Salluit; participating as observers/guides on the west coast to counter illegal immigration; and responding to disaster situations such as aircraft crashes in the far north. The Rangers perform their tasks exceptionally well and their value as an operational resource for the Canadian Forces cannot be disputed.